Caring For Your Marble – Avoid Pumpkin Stains 

This entry was posted on October 28, 2018 by MarbleSafe®

Every November we get calls and emails asking us how to ‘clean’ stains in marble that were caused by old pumpkins and jack-o-lanterns.  The stains are more than just discoloration. They are chemical etches which ‘eat’ the surface of the marble or limestone leaving a ring or puddle mark in the stone. Even if one is able to remove the surface discoloration, the longer that are left decomposing, the deeper the etch.

Most professional stone restoration technicians are experienced at honing and polishing to minimize the damage, but the best solution is to prevent contact with the stone from day one. Simply place a plate or dish or bowl or tray under your pumpkins, and be sure to get rid of them when they start to rot. Some clients have suggested methods of preparing the pumpkins which make their carved creations last longer. Search for some of these options on the web. But a plate or a platter will easily do the trick. We appreciate your business, but ask you to follow this simple advice and avoid unnecessary expense. And have a Happy Halloween !!

An Introduction to Different Types of Natural Stone

Choosing the right kind of natural stone for your home or office can be quite overwhelming, what with all the wide choices of beautiful natural stones available today.  Natural stone can add that sophisticated and timeless element you’re looking for.

The formation of natural stones began millions of years ago. As rocks and other organic elements in the earth’s surface combined with heat and pressure, some of these precious minerals were pushed to the surface and formed mineral deposits.

There are three types of rocks, namely Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic. Igneous rocks are formed from the “solidification of molten rock material” or magma. Sedimentary rocks are formed through the “accumulation of sediments” or organic materials. Metamorphic rocks, on the other hand, have been “modified by heat, pressure and chemical process usually while buried deep below Earth's surface” giving it a different mineralogy, texture, and chemical composition than those of other rocks.

Granite consists of magmatic rocks that are formed when magma is cooled. Known to be the most recognized igneous rock, it can be distinguished through its grains that are large enough for the naked eye. It is composed primarily of minerals like quartz and feldspar and is known as one of the hardest natural stones available. It is also stain,  scratch, and burn resistant due to its density. Flooring, countertops, and bathroom tubs are ideal uses for granite.


Basalt, like Granite, is formed through the cooling of magma. Unlike Granite, its cooling process is relatively rapid, making the crystallization process shorter. The appearance of Basalt consists of fine grains and is usually found in dark colors. It is typically dense, although some have holes where the volcanic gases have escaped. Applications of Basalt include flooring, building veneers, and monuments.

Limestones are formed through the accumulation and compression of fossils and stone fragments. Commonly found in shallow bodies of water, it holds up well to exposure against the elements. It has a smooth granular surface and is usually available in neutral tones. Ideal uses of limestone include bathrooms, fireplaces, countertops, and flooring.


Sandstones are also formed through the accumulation of other rock minerals to streams and rivers, cementing them together. It is mostly found in shades of light brown or red. Being weather-resistant makes it a perfect material for walls and flooring.


Travertine is formed when hot spring water penetrates limestones beneath the ground. The unique designs of travertine make it one of the most popular stones in the market. It can be found in earth-toned colors and is often used in both indoor and outdoor projects.

Marble is formed when limestone is subjected to heat and pressure. Color variations of marble include white, gray, pink, yellow, and blue. Marble is soft and is easily scratched or etched by acids making it more suitable for bathrooms, fireplaces, and studies. It can also be used in floorings and staircases.


Slate is formed through various layers of clay or mudstone resulting in its attractive, split, layered appearance. Slate can usually be found in varying shades of gray. Due to its durability and appearance, it is often used for flooring, roofing, and landscaping.


Soapstone is primarily composed of talc and is usually soft, making it prone to scratches. Its extreme density  prevents the absorption of liquid and stains. Color variations of soapstone include gray, blue, green, and brown. Its resistance to heat and chemicals make it  a popular material for kitchen countertops, sinks, fireplaces, wood stoves, flooring, and wall tiles.

Marble Facts: Did You Know These About Marble?

Marble, unlike granite, is soluble when exposed to a variety of common acids, many of which can be found in the home or workplace. Baking soda and vinegar, for example, are two relatively mild compounds that should not be used on marble.

The crystallized minerals giving marble its glow are usually calcites and dolomites. Both of these are combinations of calcium and carbon in a rigid form. Calcite is just calcium and carbon, but dolomite also includes magnesium in the mix.

Were you aware that marble is made of Calcium? If this mineral is abused, the natural beauty of the marble will not be preserved. It’s important to maintain your marble structures or flooring if you want it to be of any value.

Rainfall often contains naturally acidic compounds. When marble is used in outside installations, whether it’s facing a building or serving as a preparation surface in an outdoor grilling area, the acidic compounds can cause staining, discoloration, and eventual deterioration.

In ancient Rome, colored marble was mostly used for floors. Masons would use the different colors to create colorful mosaics. Since different colors of marble came from different regions, powerful Roman citizens would use the colors to show the reach of the Roman Empire.

Marble is a kind of rock that actually comes about as a result of metamorphosis. Here, sedimentary carbonate rocks like limestone or dolomite recrystallize, forming a kind of interlocking mosaic of carbonate crystals that composes the marble we know.

Would you believe that marble is hypoallergenic? It’s naturally resistant to bacteria and allergen buildup. Fungus and mold doesn’t grow on it at all, and a dust mop easily takes care of pet hair, dust, and dirt.

As lovely as marble is and as hard as it seems, it’s a relatively soft stone. This means that, over time, a variety of things take a toll, including wind, rain, wind-driven grit, chemical cleaners, sandblasting, and overly harsh polishing compounds.

If you have marble in your house, it’s important to use cleaning chemicals specially made for marble. Because marble is natural, the wrong chemicals can stain it. If you do accidentally stain it, don’t worry, the right Marble repair company can remove those stains.

Marble is an incredibly durable stone with great longevity, but it’s not invincible. Even great sculptures have had problems, like the Venus de Milo, which was found without arms.

Once you have your marble repaired, it’s important that you take proper care of it. This includes keeping your marble clean by removing dirt and grime before it has a chance to settle into and penetrate the pores of your stone. Simply wiping away grit from your marble surface can also keep scratches from forming.

The word marble comes from the ancient Greek word marmaron, which roughly translates to crystalline rock or shining stone. The shining comes from the crystallized carbonate minerals that make up the structure of the stone and give the stone its shine.

Pure white marble gets its color from the very pure limestone or dolomite protolith in the rock. The veins, swirls, and variations that are the trademark of marble come from impurities like clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, or chert.

Marble is rated between 2 and 5 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, making it a relatively soft mineral. The Mohs scale goes from soft minerals like talc, rated 1, to the hardest mineral of diamond, rated as a 10.

MarbleSafe® is Great for:

Kitchen Countertop
Entryway and Floors
Bathroom Shower & Sinks
Outdoor Deck and Patio
Statues and Busts